The Burials of Jacob and Joseph
50:1 Then Joseph hugged his father’s face.1 He wept over him and kissed him. 50:2 Joseph instructed the physicians in his service2 to embalm his father, so the physicians embalmed Israel. 50:3 They took forty days, for that is the full time needed for embalming.3 The Egyptians mourned4 for him seventy days.5
50:4 When the days of mourning6 had passed, Joseph said to Pharaoh’s royal court,7 “If I have found favor in your sight, please say to Pharaoh,8 50:5 ‘My father made me swear an oath. He said,9 “I am about to die. Bury me10 in my tomb that I dug for myself there in the land of Canaan.” Now let me go and bury my father; then I will return.’” 50:6 So Pharaoh said, “Go and bury your father, just as he made you swear to do.”11
50:7 So Joseph went up to bury his father; all Pharaoh’s officials went with him – the senior courtiers12 of his household, all the senior officials of the land of Egypt, 50:8 all Joseph’s household, his brothers, and his father’s household. But they left their little children and their flocks and herds in the land of Goshen. 50:9 Chariots and horsemen also went up with him, so it was a very large entourage.13
50:10 When they came to the threshing floor of Atad14 on the other side of the Jordan, they mourned there with very great and bitter sorrow.15 There Joseph observed a seven day period of mourning for his father. 50:11 When the Canaanites who lived in the land saw them mourning at the threshing floor of Atad, they said, “This is a very sad occasion16 for the Egyptians.” That is why its name was called17 Abel Mizraim,18 which is beyond the Jordan.
50:12 So the sons of Jacob did for him just as he had instructed them. 50:13 His sons carried him to the land of Canaan and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, near Mamre. This is the field Abraham purchased as a burial plot from Ephron the Hittite. 50:14 After he buried his father, Joseph returned to Egypt, along with his brothers and all who had accompanied him to bury his father.
50:15 When Joseph’s brothers saw that their father was dead, they said, “What if Joseph bears a grudge and wants to repay19 us in full20 for all the harm21 we did to him?” 50:16 So they sent word22 to Joseph, saying, “Your father gave these instructions before he died: 50:17 ‘Tell Joseph this: Please forgive the sin of your brothers and the wrong they did when they treated you so badly.’ Now please forgive the sin of the servants of the God of your father.” When this message was reported to him, Joseph wept.23 50:18 Then his brothers also came and threw themselves down before him; they said, “Here we are; we are your slaves.” 50:19 But Joseph answered them, “Don’t be afraid. Am24 I in the place of God? 50:20 As for you, you meant to harm me,25 but God intended it for a good purpose, so he could preserve the lives of many people, as you can see this day.26 50:21 So now, don’t be afraid. I will provide for you and your little children.” Then he consoled them and spoke kindly27 to them.
50:22 Joseph lived in Egypt, along with his father’s family.28 Joseph lived 110 years. 50:23 Joseph saw the descendants of Ephraim to the third generation.29 He also saw the children of Makir the son of Manasseh; they were given special inheritance rights by Joseph.30
50:24 Then Joseph said to his brothers, “I am about to die. But God will surely come to you31 and lead you up from this land to the land he swore on oath to give32 to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.” 50:25 Joseph made the sons of Israel swear an oath. He said, “God will surely come to you. Then you must carry my bones up from this place.” 50:26 So Joseph died at the age of 110.33 After they embalmed him, his body34 was placed in a coffin in Egypt.